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On the Study of War

April 1997

A century-long era without a major war, as from the Congress of Vienna to the Guns of August, it has not been. We have seen, nonetheless, a blessedly long run of international peace between the major powers in our own … Continued

German Security Policy in the 1990s

April 1997

German Security Policy in the 1990s By Robert H. Dorff Introduction1 he foreign policy of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) has been “exceptional” from the time the country was founded in 1949. This exceptionalism has been well documented and … Continued

Terrorism in Latin America

April 1997

Editor’s note: The following commentary, prepared under the auspices of the Foreign Policy Research Institute, Philadelphia, Pa., fits well into the category of controversial inquiry offered by Curt Jones in the previous ‘issue’ of American Diplomacy. Jones, a former senior … Continued

Policing a disorderly world: Burundi

April 1997

“How is the United States to avoid taking matters into its own hands and becoming the world’s policeman if multinational institutions fail to do the job?”   BURUNDI   by J. R. Bullington   L i k e  R w a … Continued

Cold War Diplomatic Negotiations

March 1997

Cold War Diplomatic Negotiations A Personal Recollection by J. Edgar Williams I n early 1953, I finished my year as a Fulbright scholar in New Zealand and headed home. I teamed up with three other Americans who also had been … Continued

The New Russia

March 1997

Russia, as the quirky and brilliant Nikolai Gogol wrote in the nineteenth century, speeds “along like a spirited troika that nothing can overtake.”The energy and drive that tear Russians away from their bleak communist past are obvious everywhere in cities … Continued

Policing a disorderly world

March 1997

We take pleasure in presenting the following commentary drawn from remarks made 11 February 1997 at a meeting of the English Speaking Union at Southern Pines, North Carolina, by a former U.S. ambassador to two Central African nations. His remarks … Continued

Les Homosexuels du Foreign Service

March 1997

The following commentary, written originally for readers of French by a former member of the U.S. Foreign Service now retired in France, addresses an obviously controversial topic. These musings were occasioned by the publication of an article by Mead Jennings … Continued

Japan at War: Kobe and the Exchange

March 1997

As our readers will note elsewhere in this issue of American Diplomacy, Roy M. Melbourne led an event-filled life as a U.S. Foreign Service officer from 1936 to 1971. Not least of those experiences, which he recounts in his autobiography, … Continued

Terrorism: Its Cause and Cure

March 1997

by Curtis F. Jones “In an imperfect world, terrorism, like war, is a necessary evil.”  On July 20, 1944, a massive conspiracy against Adolf Hitler culminated in the explosion of a bomb at his headquarters in Rastenburg. Hitler escaped with … Continued

The Money Crunch

March 1997

Are We Seeing the Twilight of Professional Diplomacy? The Money Crunch A C C O R D I N G   T O   N E W S reports, the U. S. military establishment, 1.2 million people strong, costs some $246 … Continued

The Foreign Affairs Oral History Program

December 1996

Mr. Kennedy, director of the Foreign Affairs Oral History Program based at the Foreign Service Institute outside Washington, DC, and a retired Foreign Service officer, has provided American Diplomacy the following description of the Program and its offerings, along with … Continued

Southeast Asia in 1996

December 1996

by Ronald D. F. Palmer I. History of Recent TimesTHIS IS WRITTEN IN 1996, one year after the fiftieth anniversary of the end of World War II was widely celebrated in the United States and Europe. The Asians marked the … Continued

Jimmy Carter and SALT II: THE PATH TO FRUSTRATION

December 1996

by Matthew M. Oyos JIMMY CARTER HOPED that his presidency would a bring fresh start to America. He vowed to lend a new openness and honesty to government to help heal the deep and festering wounds that the Watergate affair … Continued