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U.S. diplomats confronted how to explain issues at home to overseas audiences. A “Black Lives Matter” banner displayed on the embassy in Seoul was removed two days later.



Broadening the Foreign Service:  The Role of Diplomats in Residence by June Carter Perry

Statement on Diversity and Diplomacy from Ambassador Gina Abercrombie-Winstanley

U.S.-China Relations and the Need for Continued Public Diplomacy by William Rugh

International Opinion of the U.S. Slides from Respect to Pity by Renee M. Earle

Aligning Venus and Mars: Striking the Appropriate Balance Between Diplomacy and Defense in International Affairs by Charles Ray

Inspector General Steve Linick, a Deep State Conspirator? by Ken Moskowitz

The Cardinal Sins of Political Analysis by Raymond Smith



Spike Lee Brings Back Vietnam Memories of Race and the Bond in Combat by Kenneth M. Quinn

The Impolite American Consul: A Memoir of the 1966 Buddhist Struggle Movement in Hué by James R. Bullington

Low Profile in the Philippines by Morton Holbrook III

President Bush’s 2005 Mongolia Visit: A Bilateral Relations Milestone by Pamela J. Slutz and Brian L. Goldbeck

Living with Africa for a Lifetime by Mark Wentling

What America Has Lost by Christopher Datta



The State Department has a history of a lack of diversity. Women, people of color, and the LGBTQ community have been under-represented within the Foreign Service. |  Justice and Equality Stories of Progress and Personal Diplomacy in the State Department


National Archives

Text Message | The Spanish Flu Pandemic of 1918-1919: A Death in Paris


Links  | Reports GAO-20-237 State Department: Additional Steps are Needed to Identify Potential Barriers to Diversity

Academy of Diplomacy | Press Release State Must Improve on Diversity

Academy of Diplomacy | Strengthening the Department of State | Spring_2020_Semiannual Report to the Congress