American Diplomacy is not a print publication and is only available on the World Wide Web, at the site where you found it. It’s free!

Opinions expressed are those of the individual authors, and do not represent the position of American Diplomacy which maintains its founding principles of balance and non-partisanship.

American Diplomacy is published on the World Wide Web by American Diplomacy Publishers, a nonprofit corporation chartered in the State of North Carolina and recognized by the Internal Revenue Service as a tax-exempt charity under sec. 501 (c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Office location
252 Carolina Meadows Villa
Chapel Hill, NC 27517

Mailing address
P.O. Box 2842
Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2842

(984) 234-3078

Readers may print a copy of our brochure, available at these links:


We are always looking for new material, and we welcome reader comments on our articles. Please see our Editorial and Publication Policies for submission guidelines and further contact information.

Established 1996

Co-Founded by Dr. Henry E. Mattox and Amb. T. Frank Crigler

American Diplomacy Publishers, a not-for-profit organization, publishes American Diplomacy, available free to all internet users. Articles are posted on a rolling basis, so check back frequently to see what’s new. Subcriptions are available and include alerts for new items on our site.

Our goal is to publish thoughtful articles on international issues, to support efforts to strengthen the American Foreign Service, and to promote understanding of the challenges of diplomatic life abroad through the memoirs of U.S. Foreign Service personnel and their families. Among our contributors are American diplomats, both active and retired, as well as distinguished academicians.

About Our Journal

American Diplomacy is a web-based professional journal. We publish articles of commentary and analysis, scholarly research of general interest, feature stories, Foreign Service memoirs, editorials, comments from readers, and announcements; as well as links to books, and articles and speeches available on the internet.

Our target audience includes foreign affairs professionals, active and retired; scholars, educators, and students; and others interested in international relations.

Our goals are to draw on the expertise of diplomatic practitioners as well as the insights of academics to educate readers on current international issues, to promote greater understanding of Foreign Service life and the role of diplomats, and to encourage youthful readers to consider a Foreign Service career.

American Diplomacy Publishers, Inc.



W. Robert Pearson John M. Handley Michael W. Cotter
Amb W. Robert Pearson, President John M. Handley, Ph.D., Vice-President June Kunsman, Treasurer Amb. Michael W. Cotter, Secretary


Ansel Brown
Beatrice Camp
Csaba T. Chikes
Frances Duffy
Renee M. Earle
John M. Handley, Ph.D.
Amb. William C. Harrop
William P. Kiehl, Ph.D.
June H. Kunsman
Amb. Ed. Marks
Amb. Thomas E. McNamara
Margaret C. Pearson
Amb W. Robert Pearson
Carolyn W. Pumphrey, Ph.D.
Amb Brenda Schoonover

Members Emeriti

Samuel H. Barnes, Ph.D.
Frank Crigler
Curtis F. Jones
Richard H. Kohn, Ph.D.
Henry Mattox
R. Bartlett Moon
J. Edgar Williams


Publisher Renee M. Earle
Editor Beatrice Camp
Contributing Editor Margaret C. Pearson
Webmaster Sandra Johnson
Technical Advisor Christopher M. Kuster


Articles are peer reviewed by foreign affairs professionals or scholars in the relevant field. Authors include both practioners and academics. New material is posted on the website regularly, and original material remains permanently in our extensive archives.


In 1996, a group of retired American diplomats in the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill triangle of North Carolina decided to launch American Diplomacy, an electronic journal focused on advancing the understanding of foreign affairs and supporting the institution of the Foreign Service. The journal was created in cooperation with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, which provides website hosting, and with the encouragement of the Triangle Institute for Security Studies and the UNC Curriculum for Peace, War, and Defense. Since its founding more than 20 years ago, American Diplomacy has acquired a worldwide following.

In the following notes, the journal’s founder Henry Mattox, former publisher Bart Moon, and former American Diplomacy Publishers Board president Ambassador Brenda Schoonover trace its evolution from an innovative entrant into the world of electronic journalism to its global Internet presence today.

Editorial Policy

We maintain a nonpartisan stance with regard to U.S. politics, do not adopt any “official” positions, and seek to maintain balance in addressing controversial issues. Our authors reflect a wide range of political views, from left to right, as well as foreign policy traditions from realist to idealist.

NOTE: The opinions expressed by the authors published in this Journal are not necessarily those of members of the Journal’s staff or the American Diplomacy Board of Directors, nor of the Triangle Institute for Security Studies or the Curriculum for Peace, War & Defense at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill.

© All articles and other original materials are property of American Diplomacy Publishers unless otherwise indicated. Registered, ISSN Center, Library of Congress, ISSN No. 1094-8120