Frances Duffy is a Ph.D. student of Public Policy at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill and a Board member of the American Diplomacy Journal. Her research examines U.S. intervention in foreign conflict and the role of interagency cooperation. She previously served as a Foreign Service Officer with the U.S. Department of State, serving most recently as the Staff Assistant to the U.S. Ambassador to the European Union. She also worked with the Bureau of Diplomatic Security in Tunisia and South Africa, traveling to nineteen U.S. missions on the continent of Africa.